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By Kwabia Owusu-Mensah GNA
Kumasi, Mar 08, GNA – About 40 percent of arable lands in illegal mining areas has become polluted and unsuitable for food production, Dr. J. O. Fenning, Director of the Soil Research Institute (SRI), has announced.
He said the situation was even more disturbing in the Western Region, where 70 per cent of lands in mining (galamsey) communities cannot support food production.
He added that in excess of 18, 600,000 hectares of land in Ghana had been found to contain iron-pan (petroplinthite), which made it difficult for food and cash crops to produce the required yield.
He made this known, when the Minister of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation, Professor Kwabena Frimpong Boateng, toured the Institute, in Kumasi.
The Minister has been visiting Institutes under the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in the Ashanti Region, to acquaint himself with their operations and the challenges.
Dr. Fenning pointed out that the soil played important role in food production and therefore the need to identify soil types suitable for the growth and production of each food or cash crop, to derive maximum per hectare yield.
It was also important to identify the kind of fertilizer suitable for each soil.
He said the inability of farmers and investors to do this was a contributory factor to the low crop yield.
He spoke of the need to increase fertilizer application in the country from the current eight kilograms per hectare, which, he said was too low, to boost crop yield and food security.
He hinted of the development of a number of technologies including “biochar” and “sawah” by the SRI to improve soil condition and fertility.
Prof Frimpong Boateng made a strong case for the utilization of scientific knowledge, technologies and innovations, to drive the nation’s development.
He pledged the government’s resolve to ensure optimal use of technologies developed by scientists in the CSIR institutes.
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By Kwabia Owusu-Mensah, GNA
Professor Kwabena Frimpong-Boateng, Minister of Environment, Science Technology and Innovation (MESTI), has underlined the need for deliberate effort to utilize the expertise of the nation’s research scientists and locally developed technologies to drive national development.
He blamed the slow pace of Ghana’s socio-economic development on the neglect of technologies and innovations developed locally by its research institutions.
Prof Frimpong-Boateng, noted that some countries which were at par with Ghana in the 1960s, were making giant strides in development because of the reliance on local scientific expertise and innovations.
Addressing separate meetings with the management and staff of the Building and Road Research Institute (BRRI) and the Forestry Research Institute of Ghana (FORIG), in Fumesua, he said, things needed to change.
He was there as was part of a working visit to acquaint himself with the work of these institutes, which are under the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).
Prof Frimpong-Boateng indicated that, the country could not continue to downplay the critical role of science and technology in its developmental agenda, saying, no nation could develop without making optimal use of indigenous scientific knowledge.
He spoke of the government’s resolve to increase funding for research from the current abysmal level, to about one per cent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the short term, and increasing to two per cent in the long term.
It was additionally working to ensure that research findings were fully utilized.
The Minister applauded the scientists for the good job they were doing under challenging conditions.
Dr. Victor Kwame Agyeman, Director General of CSIR, said they found it heart-warming the government’s recognition of the critical importance of research to national development.
He said the CSIR institutes were ready to partner it to implement its developmental initiatives.
Source : GNA
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The Council has already been granted an institutional accreditation to establish a College of Science and Technology (CCST) to run various science and research programmes at the graduate levels.
Dr. Victor Kwame Agyeman, Director General of CSIR, announced this at the maiden graduation ceremony of its Master’s Degree Programme in Bio-Economy and Natural Resources Management (ECORES) at Fumesua, near Kumasi. The ECORES programme is an academic collaboration between the University of Eastern Finland (UEF) and Forestry Research Institute of Ghana (FORIG) and has been so designed to equip students with specialized knowledge in natural resources and management skills to lead the efficient management of natural resources in the West African sub-region.
The first batch of eight (8) students were each awarded two masters’ degrees -executive Masters in Business Administration (eMBA) and Master of Science (MSc) in Natural Resources management. Dr. Agyeman said five out of the eight proposed to be run by CCST, had received approval by the National Accreditation Board (NAB) and would commence in September 2016. These include “MPhil Climate and Natural Resources Management”, “MSc Climate Change and Natural Resources Management”, “MPhil Fisheries Science”, “MPhil Aquaculture” and “MPhil Industrial Animal Nutrition and Feed Production”. He reminded the graduates to use the knowledge and skills acquired to aid radical transformation of natural resources management in the sub-region.
Professor Jukka Jurvelin, Dean of the UEF Faculty of Science and Forestry, said experts were increasingly needed to meet the challenges related to the environmental impact of land use and biodiversity decline. He said the ECORES programme was an opportunity to train new experts to take responsible actions to protect the natural resources.
Prof Joseph Cobbinah, Chairman of UEF-FORIG Graduate School, said lack of broad-based expertise was a major barrier to sustainable management of natural resources. He said the ECORES, based on the European Credits Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTs) for Higher Education, was a shift from the traditional MBA and MSc/MPhil programmes and designed specifically to blend business management and natural resources management.
Prof Cobbinah, who is also the President of CCST, said the College stood to benefit tremendously from the experience of the UEF-FORIG programme.
Dr. Daniel Ofori, Director of FORIG, said the ECORES programme symbolized the success story of international academic collaboration and praised the graduating students for their hard work.
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The Director of Water Research Institute of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has called for a review of the country’s water purification system, revealing the current system fails to remove harmful toxins produced by algae in fresh water sources.
Dr Joseph Addo Ampofo said although the current water purification mechanism by the Ghana Water Company meets the WHO standards, it fails to clean hazardous planktons in Ghana’s water sources.
“If you look at the Weija water for instance, gradually the water is increasing in blue-green algae. With such waters if you want to treat and drink, you must also take into consideration removal of the algae because the algae toxins can cause kidney problems, liver problems, nervous system problems, heart problems. says Dr Ampofo
“Because we do not have that technology with our water treatment now, it means if there are a lot of algae in the water from a treatment point. You will be drinking these toxins and that is the danger we are facing now,” he said.
Dr Ampofo further revealed that the use of chlorine and alum in the current water treatment system only succeeds in destroying bacteria that may be present in the water source, but not the toxins produced by algae.
He made the comments Friday, on the sidelines of a week-long in-house review of activities of the Water Research Institute.
Among other things, Friday’s programme saw the presentation of findings on a myriad of water related issues by scientists at the Environmental Biology and Health division of the institute.
“We did work before 2010 and by then the level of algae in Ghana’s main water sources have come up to dangerous level, but now that we have a lot of waste being dumped into the water bodies, we need to find out the level now; because by now the level has exceeded the acceptable level of algae toxins in drinking water,” he said.
He attributed the increase in cancer cases among the youth to the situation.
“You may end up getting a lot of people with kidney problems in the country; a lot of people getting liver problems, nervous problems, brain disorders tumours leading to cancer and then you will not understand. It can easily come from drinking water,” he said.
He said his institute has informed the Ghana Water Company about the need to review the current water treatment process but that advice is yet to be heeded.
He recommended the use of very fine filters to remove the harmful algae toxins by the Water Company if the means of procuring appropriate chemicals is not available.
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Ghana has no problem with water sources, but potable water sources are diminishing at such a fast rate that the country faces a looming water crisis by the year 2030, if conditions continue to persist.
Scarier is the fact that there would be no treatable water source, either surface or ground water by 2030, should the rate at which the country’s water sources are being polluted continue, the Water Research Institute (WRI) of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research has warned.
The warning was issued by the Director of WRI, Dr Joseph Addo Ampofo, last Tuesday in an interview with the Daily Graphic on a day that had been set aside by the global community as World Water Day (WWD).
“There is the misconception that Ghana is 70 per cent covered with water. Even with the abuses, water will not depart from Ghana but the quality cannot be guaranteed,” he stated.
No respect for water
Dr Ampofo said many of the country’s water sources had been heavily polluted over the years with rubbish, chemicals used in mining such as mercury and inorganic fertilizer used for agriculture, because Ghanaians did not respect water and had taken it for granted.
But he cautioned that the combined effect of the increase in temperature, evaporation and the pollution of the country’s water sources were plunging the country into severe water crisis that would make Ghana a Sahelian country.
Citing examples of water bodies that were now extinct or were no more potable, he said “the Odaw River is now dead and not suitable for anything,” adding that global warming had resulted in a global rise in temperature of one per cent.
“In Ghana we can get about 5 per cent increase in temperature in some areas, so areas are beginning to dry up,” Dr Ampofo said. He stated that the rate at which the Densu River was drying up had also increased this year, just as the WRI had predicted before 1996.
He said “buffer zones are being abused with people now farming on river beds when they recede, therefore increasing the dryness and evaporation”.
Effects of polluted water usage
The pollution from agriculture, poor environmental sanitation and mining, apart from posing a threat to the availability of potable water, has also resulted in very serious health consequences for every Ghanaian.
According to Dr Ampofo, research conducted by WRI showed that the use of water contaminated with algae and chemicals, for agriculture results in kidney, nervous and heart diseases.
Expressing his exasperation, he said the CSIR had warned the government of where the country was heading if steps were not taken immediately to stop the incessant pollution of water sources, but little had been done.
“If you use the polluted water to irrigate your seedlings they will die. We are wishing the country the best but hoping that someone somewhere will listen. Either we stop abusing our water bodies now or abuse it for Ghana to become a Sahel country,” he warned.
Dr Ampofo stated that although hitherto it was the surface water bodies that were polluted, several tests conducted on water from many boreholes across the country showed that pollution of the groundwater had resulted in unwholesome water from the boreholes.
He lamented that many boreholes were being sunk in the country, but no one was checking the level of the country’s groundwater, adding, “If many boreholes are sunk in the same area the soil will cave in.”
Dr Ampofo stated that although the CSIR used to monitor boreholes in the country, the project, which was funded by Danish Development Agency (DANIDA), had since ended and the council lacked the needed funds to continue.
He said the fact that 500ml of water currently sold for GH¢1 showed that water was getting more expensive than fuel, which currently sells around GH¢3.37 for a litre.
Describing the high patronage of bottled and sachet water by people as a system failure, he said “we have failed as a country. We cannot provide basic water for the people. People do not trust the tap water produced by the Ghana Water Company.”